François Routhier

François Routhier

525, boulevard Wilfrid-Hamel

Québec (Québec)  G1M 2S8

418 529-9141 # 6256

francois.routhier@rea.ulaval.ca

Researcher interested in urban design and universal design, technical aids, wheelchair skills required, as well as the social participation of people using assistive technology.


Regular Researcher, CIRRIS
Associate professor, Occupational Therapy Program, Department of Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, Laval University
Research Scholar (Junior 2), Fonds de recherche du Québec - Santé (FRQS)
Researcher and responsible for the research dimension Environments, Centre interdisciplinaire de recherche en réadaptation et intégration sociale (CIRRIS), Centre intégré universitaire de santé et de services sociaux de la Capitale-Nationale (CIUSSS-CN)
Research theme: 
Motor function, sense and perception
Physical environment
Technological environment
Social environment
Social participation and human rights
Research goal: 
Evaluation and Analysis
Development and validation
Understanding of the mechanisms, phenomena and needs

Academic background

  • Postdoctoral studies  (Département d'Administration de la Santé de l'Université de Montréal, Montréal, Canada, 2008)
  • Postdoctoral studies (Centre de recherche de l'Institut universitaire de gériatrie de Montréal, Montréal, Canada et Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada, 2007)
  • Ph.D. Experimental medicine (Adaptation / rehabilitation) (Centre interdisciplinaire de recherche en réadaptation et intégration sociale, Institut de réadaptation en déficience physique de Québec, Québec, Canada, Université Laval, Québec, Canada, 2004)
  • M.Sc. Mechanical engineering, (Département de génie mécanique, Université Laval, Québec, 1997)
  • B.Sc. Mechanical engineering, (Département de génie mécanique, Université Laval, Québec, 1993)

Research interests

  • Robotic assistive devices (development, efficiency, utility, efficiency, costs, etc.) 
  • Assessment and training of wheelchair skills (manual and motorized)
  • Development and validation of tools and methods for clinical evaluation and research and training / teaching tools
  • Development and evaluation of interventions with users of technical aids, mainly mobility aids 
  • Social participation of wheelchair users who have suffered a spinal cord injury
  • Urban planning and universal design

Articles in scientific journals (peer-reviewed)

Charette, C., Best, K.L., Smith, E.M., Miller, W.C. & Routhier, F. (2018). Walking aids use in Canada: Prevalence and demographic characteristics among community-dwelling users. Physical Therapy. 98(17), 571-577. 

Gamache, S., Routhier, F., Morales, E., Vandersmissen, M.-H. & Boucher, N. (2018). Mapping review of accessible pedestrian infrastructures for individuals with physical disabilities. Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology.

Beaudoin, M., Lettre, J., Routhier, F., Archambault, P, Lemay, M. & Gélinas, I. (2018). Long-term use of the JACO robotic arm: A case series. Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology

Kirby, R.L., Rushton, P., Routhier, F., Demers, L., Titus, L., Miller-Polgar, J., Smith, C., McAllister, M., Theriault, C., Matheson, K., Parker, K., Sawatzky, B., Labbe, D. & Miller, W.C. (2018). Extent to which caregivers enhance the wheelchair skills capacity and confidence of power wheelchair users: a cross-sectional study. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 99(7), 1295-1302.

Arbour-Nicitopoulos, K.P., Sweet, S.N., Lamontagne, M.-E., Martin Ginis, K.A., Jeske, S., Routhier, F. & Latimer-Cheung, A.E. (2017). A randomized controlled trial to test the efficacy of the SCI get fit toolkit on leisure-time physical activity behaviour and social-cognitive processes in adults with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord Series and Cases, 3

Rushton, P., Routhier, F. & Miller, W.C. (2017). Measurement Properties of the WheelCon for Powered Wheelchair Users. Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, 13(7), 614-619.

Best, K.L., Miller, W.C., Routhier, F. & Eng, J.J. (2017). Feasibility of the trial procedures for a randomized controlled trial of a community-based peer-led wheelchair training program for older adults. Pilot and Feasibility Studies4(1).

MacGillivray, M., Sawatzky, B.J., Miller, W.C., Routhier, F. & Kirby, R.L. (2017). Goal satisfaction improves with individualized powered wheelchair skills training. Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, 13(6), 558-561.

Routhier, F., Lettre, J., Miller, W.C., Borisoff, J.F., Keetch, K., Mitchell, I.M. & the CanWheel Research Team. (2017). Data logger technologies for powered wheelchairs: A scoping review. Assistive Technology, 31(1), 19-24.

Routhier, F., Lettre, J., Miller, W.C., Borisoff, J.F., Keetch, K., Mitchell, I.M. & the CanWheel Research Team. (2017). Clinicians’ and researchers’ perspectives on manual wheelchair data loggers. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 98(7), 1480-1489.

Sakakibara, B., Routhier, F. & Miller, W.C. (2017). Wheeled-mobility correlates of life-space and social participation in adult manual wheelchair-users aged 50 and older. Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology12(6), 592-598.

Charrette, C., Routhier, F. & McFadyen, B.J. (2017). Visuo-locomotor control in persons with spinal cord injury in a manual or power wheelchair for direction changes and obstacles circumvention. Experimental Brain Research, 235(9), 2669-2678.

Archambault, P., Blackburn, E., Reid, D., Routhier, F. & Miller, W.C. (2017). Development and User Validation of Driving Tasks for a Power Wheelchair Simulator. Disability and Rehabilitation, 39(15), 1549-1556.

Gamache, S., Routhier, F., Morales, E., Vandersmissen, M.-H., Leblond, J., Boucher, N., McFadyen, B.J. & Noreau, L. (2017). Municipal practices and needs regarding accessibility of pedestrian infrastructures for individuals with physical disabilities in Québec, Canada. Journal of Accessibility and Design for All7(1), 21-57

Best, K.L., Routhier, F., Sweet, S.N., Arbour-Nicitopoulos, K.P., Borisoff, J.F., Noreau, L., & Martin Ginis, K.A. (2017). The Smartphone Peer Physical Activity Counseling (SPPAC) Program for Manual Wheelchair Users: Protocol of a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Research Protocols, 6(4), e69.

Routhier, F., Lettre, J., Miller, W.C., Borisoff, J.F., Keetch, K., Mitchell, I.M. & the CanWheel Research Team. (2017). Data logger technologies for manual wheelchairs: A scoping review. Assistive Technology, 30(2), 51-58.

Rushton, P.W., Kirby, R.L., Routhier, F. & Smith, C. (2016). Measurement properties of the Wheelchair Skills Test Questionnaire for powered wheelchair users. Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology. 11(5): 400-406.

Best, K.L., Miller, W.C., Eng, J.J. & Routhier, F. (2016). Systematic review and meta-analysis of peer-led self-management programs for increasing physical activity. International Journal Behavioral Medicine, 23(5), 527-538.

Lajeunesse, V., Vincent, C., Routhier, F., Careau, E. & Michaud, F. (2016). Exoskeletons’ design and usefulness evidence according to a systematic review of lower limb exoskeletons used for functional mobility by people with spinal cord injury. Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, 11(7), 535-47.

Tomasone, J., Arbour-Nicitopoulos, K.P., Pila, E., Lamontagne, M.-E., Cummings, I., Latimer-Cheung, A.E. & Routhier, F. (2017). Exploring end user adoption and maintenance of a telephone-based physical activity counseling service for individuals with physical disabilities using the Theoretical Domains Framework. Disability and Rehabilitation, 39(13), 1332-1340.

Best, K.L., Miller, W.C., Huston, G., Routhier, F. & Eng, J.J. (2016). Pilot study of a peer-led wheelchair training program to improve self-efficacy using a manual wheelchair: A randomized controlled trial. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 97(1), 31-44.

Kirby, R.L., Miller, W., Routhier, F., Demers, L., Mihailidis, A., Miller-Polgar, J., Rushton, P., Titus, L., Smith, C., McAllister, M., Theriault, C., Thompson, K. & Sawatzky, B. (2015). Effectiveness of a Wheelchair Skills Training Program for Powered Wheelchair Users: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 96(11), 2017-2026.

Sakakibara, B.M., Miller, W.C., Eng, J.J., Routhier, F. & Backman, C.L. (2015). Health, personal, and environmental predictors of wheelchair-use confidence in adult wheelchair users. Physical Therapy, 95(10):1365-1373.

Best, K.L., Miller, W.C. & Routhier, F. (2015). A description of manual wheelchair skills training curriculum in entry-to-practice occupational and physical therapy programs in Canada. Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, 10(5), 401-406.

Best, K.L., Routhier, F. & Miller, W.C. (2015). A description of manual wheelchair skills training: Current practices in Canadian rehabilitation centers. Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, 10(5), 393-400.

Rushton, P.W., Kairy, D., Archambault, P., Pituch, E., Torkia, C., El-Fathi, A., Stone, P., Routhier, F., Forg&, R., Pineau, J., Gourdeau, R. & Demers, L. (2015). The Potential Impact of Intelligent Power Wheelchair Use on Social Participation: Perspectives of Users, Caregivers, and Clinicians. Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, 10(3), 191-197.

Charrette, C., Routhier, F. & McFadyen, B.J. (2015) Visuo-locomotor coordination for direction changes in a manual wheelchair as compared to biped locomotion in healthy subjects. Neuroscience Letters, 588(c), 83-87
 

Sakakibara, B.M., Miller, W.C., Routhier, .F, Backman, C.L. & Eng, J.J. (2014). The association between self-efficacy and participation in community-dwelling manual wheelchair-users, aged 50 and over. Physical Therapy, 94(5), 664-674.

Kairy, D., Rushton, P., Archambault, P., Pituch, E., Torkia, C., El Fathi, A., Stone, P., Routhier, F., Forget, R., Demers, L., Pineau, J., & Gourdeau, R. (2014). Exploring powered wheelchair users and their caregivers’ perspectives on potential intelligent power wheelchair use: A qualitative study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 11(2), 2244-2261.

Boucher, P., Atrash, A., Kelouwani, S., Honoré, W., Nguyen, H., Villemure, J., Routhier, F., Cohen, P., Demers, L., Forget, R. & Pineau. J. (2013). Design and validation of an intelligent wheelchair towards a clinically-functional outcome. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation, 10(1), 10-58.

Lamontagne, M.-E., Routhier, F., & Auger, C. (2013). Team consensus concerning important outcomes for augmentative and alternative communication assistive technologies: a pilot study. Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 29(2), 182–189.

Gagnon, D., Blanchet, M., Martin-Lemoyne, Vincent, C., Routhier, F. & Corriveau, H. Using a mobility assistance dog reduces upper limb effort during manual wheelchair ramp ascent in an individual with spinal cord injury. Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine, 36(6), 700-706.

Lalumiere, M., Gagnon, D., Routhier, F., Desroches, G., Hassan, J., & Bouyer, L. (2013). Effects of rolling resistances on handrim kinetics during the performance of wheelies among manual wheelchair users with a spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord, 51, 245–251.

Sakakibara, B. M., Miller, W. C., Eng, J. J., Backman, C. L., & Routhier, F. (2013). Preliminary examination of the relation between participation and confidence in older manual wheelchair users. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation, 94(4), 791–794.

Baril, M., Laliberté, T., Gosselin, C., & Routhier, F. (2013). On the Design of a Mechanically Programmable Underactuated Anthropomorphic Prosthetic Gripper. Journal of Mechanical Design, 135(12), 121008-1–121008-9.

Sakakibara, B.M., Routhier, F., Lavoie, M.-P. & Miller, W.C. (2013). Reliability and validity of the French-Canadian version of the Late Life Function and Disability Instrument (LLFDI-F) in older, community-living wheelchair-users. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 20(5), 365-373.

Lemay V, Routhier F, Noreau L, Phang Sh, Martin Ginis K, Relationships Between Wheelchair Skills, Wheelchair Mobility And Level Of Injury In Individual With Spinal Cord Injury. Spinal Cord.;50(1):37-41, 2012

Routhier, F., Kirby, R. L., Demers, L., Depa, M., & Thompson, K. (2012). Efficacy and Retention of the French-Canadian Version of the Wheelchair Skills Training Program for Manual Wheelchair Users: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 93(6), 940-948.

Pradon, D., Pinsault, N., Zory, R., & Routhier, F. (2012). Could mobility performance measures be used to evaluate wheelchair skills? Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 44(3), 276-279.

Phang, S. H., Martin Ginis, K. A., Routhier, F., & Lemay, V. (2012). The role of self-efficacy in the wheelchair skills-physical activity relationship among manual wheelchair users with spinal cord injury. Disability and Rehabilitation, 34(8), 625-632.

Rousseau-Harrison, K., Rochette, A., Routhier, F., Dessureault, D., Thibault, F., & Côté, O. (2012). Perceived impacts of a first wheelchair on social participation. Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, 7(1), 37-44.

Archambault, P. S., Tremblay, S., Cachecho, S., Routhier, F., & Boissy, P. (2012).Driving performance in a power wheelchair simulator. Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, 7(3), 226-233.

Vincent, C., & Routhier, F. (2012). Designs in Assistive Technology research: Usefulness for therapists in clinical practice. Technology and Disability, 24, 49-58.

Pineau, J., West, R., Atrash, A., Villemure, J. & Routhier, F. (2011). Towards a Standardized Test for Intelligent Powered Wheelchairs. International Journal of Intelligent Control and Systems, 16(2), 121-128.

Books, book chapters and contributions to collective works

Noreau L, Edwards G, Boucher N, Routhier F, Vincent C, Gascon H, Fougeyrollas P.  (Chapter 33). P 399-417; Oxford Textbook of Neurorehabilitation,  Edited by Volker Dietz and Nick Ward. Oxford University Press. Oxford, UK; 2015

Research assistants

  • Émilie Lacroix, Dt.P., MSc
  • Josiane Lettre, erg., M.erg., M.Sc.
  • Marie Gagnon, M.Serv. soc.
  • Caroline Rhan, Pht

Undergraduate students

  • Élizabeth Turcotte, Occupational Therapy Student (Ongoing)
  • Florence LemayOccupational Therapy Student (Ongoing)
  • Audrey LebrasseurOccupational Therapy Student (Ongoing)
  • Sophie BourassaOccupational Therapy Student (Ongoing)
  • Maxence Racine, Mechanical engineering (Ongoing)

Master students

  • Samuel Poirier (Director : Dr Alexandre Campeau-Lecours) (Ongoing)
  • Maude Beaudoin, M.Erg. (Co-directress  : Dre Émilie Raymond) (Ongoing)
  • Philippe Turgeon (Director : Dr Alexandre Campeau-Lecours) (Ongoing)
  • Anita Gagnon, erg. (Ongoing)
  • Caroline Charette, M.Pht. (2015-2017)
  • Véronique Lajeunesse, M.Sc. (2013-2015)
  • Valérie Martin-Lemoyne, Pht. (2013-2014)
  • Ratiba Bouskani, M.Sc. (2009-2014)

PhD students

  • Alice Pellichero, PhD in clinical and biomedical sciences, Université Laval (Ongoing)
  • Stéphanie Gamache, PhD (2013-2018)

Postdoctoral trainees

  • Jason Bouffard, Erg., PhD (Ongoing)
  • Mohamed Amine Choukou, PhD (2015-2017)
  • Krista Best, PhD (2014-2018)

Site WEB du Wheelchair Skills Program (WSP) / Programme d’habiletés en fauteuil roulant

Site WEB CanWheel

Website Candian Disability Participation Project https://cdpp.ca/

Website Age-Well, Canada’s technology and aging network http://agewell-nce.ca/

CIUSSS-CN Université Laval Alliance santé Québec